As president, Donald J. Trump was a media maximalist whose unavoidable-for-comment fashion helped generate saturation information protection, for higher or worse.

President Biden has taken a stingier method to his dealings with the press — and never all his allies imagine it’s understanding.

After 9 months in workplace, Mr. Biden has performed roughly a dozen one-on-one interviews with main print and tv information shops. That compares with greater than 50 for Mr. Trump, and greater than 100 for Barack Obama, in the identical interval, in keeping with West Wing document keepers.

If the pulpit is certainly one of a president’s strongest instruments of communication, Mr. Biden has opted to rely extra closely on fleeting, impromptu exchanges with White Home reporters, typically taking just a few shouted questions as he boards a helicopter or exits a photo-op. He has not sat for interviews with The Related Press, The New York Instances, Reuters, The Washington Submit, The Wall Avenue Journal or USA At this time. Even pleasant venues like “The Late Present With Stephen Colbert” have gone unvisited.

It’s a Rose Backyard technique in decidedly un-rosy occasions. As Mr. Biden’s approval ratings have sagged in current weeks, and his social gathering confronts a tough outlook for subsequent yr’s midterm elections, some Democrats have requested if the president has yielded an excessive amount of management of the general public narrative of his administration to others.

“What I imagine in is promote, promote, promote,” James Carville, the veteran Democratic strategist, mentioned in an interview. “What they’re lacking is salesmanship. All people desires to be a coverage maven, and nobody desires to go door to door and promote pots and pans.”

Mr. Carville expressed concern a few poll final month displaying roughly 7 in 10 People knew “just a few or little to nothing” in regards to the president’s signature home coverage plans. The chief of the Home Democrats’ marketing campaign arm, Consultant Sean Patrick Maloney of New York, lately criticized the White Home for “not getting the job accomplished on messaging.”

Free Joe Biden,” Mr. Maloney mentioned, urging the president “to get himself on the market.”

White Home aides reject the concept Mr. Biden is avoiding the highlight. Jen Psaki, Mr. Biden’s press secretary, famous that on a day-to-day foundation, the president has entertained casual questions from White Home reporters extra typically than both Mr. Trump or Mr. Obama of their early tenures (though these exchanges, and his solutions, are usually transient).

“Taking 30 questions from the nationwide press in every week, or over the course of 10 days or two weeks, is a chance for the nationwide press corps to ask him powerful questions and do follow-ups,” Ms. Psaki mentioned in an interview. “He absolutely expects it and he engages in it.”

And after months of negotiations in Congress main as much as passage of the newly signed public works invoice, Ms. Psaki mentioned the president was now “within the early phases of an enormous promoting plan throughout the nation.” Final week, he visited a Normal Motors plant in Detroit, the place he zipped round in an electrical S.U.V. — “That Hummer is one hell of a car, man,” the president remarked — and toured a dilapidated bridge in Woodstock, N.H. On Monday final week, he presided over a pomp-filled signing ceremony on the White Home garden that was carried stay on nationwide TV.

Whether or not these efforts are coming too late is an open query. One recent poll confirmed a declining variety of Democrats with favorable views of Mr. Biden’s job efficiency. The president’s social security web and local weather invoice passed the House, however now faces an arduous path within the Senate. The hazard, journalists and media strategists say, is that Mr. Biden has allowed his opponents an excessive amount of room to set the phrases of debate.

“The primary impression of those packages was framed already by the Republicans,” mentioned Kurt Bardella, an adviser to the Democratic Social gathering. “Now that we see extra exercise from the White Home, they’re arising towards a story that was painted by different folks, and it turns into somewhat bit more difficult to stem that tide.”

Scott McClellan, who served as press secretary to former President George W. Bush, mentioned that presidents “could be overly cautious to your individual detriment at occasions.”

“There are dangers, and positively Biden has a historical past of typically going off-script and off-the-cuff, and message self-discipline is actually essential at a time like this,” Mr. McClellan mentioned. “However these high-profile interviews provide the alternative to actually get throughout key factors that you just wish to make, which might be vital in constructing public assist.”

Ms. Psaki mentioned considerations that Democrats have already misplaced the framing battle “sounds awfully defeatist to me,” pointing to polls displaying that the underlying insurance policies of Mr. Biden’s legislative agenda stay broadly well-liked.

Mr. Biden’s messaging workforce additionally prides itself on adapting the standard White Home media playbook to a brand new age of microscopic consideration spans and 24/7 social media, the place politicians are as more likely to form public notion with a TikTok video than a sit-down with a baritone-voiced information anchor. The Biden digital marketing campaign has featured cameos from YouTube stars and celebrities like Olivia Rodrigo and Ciara. “We wish to meet folks the place they’re in 2021,” Ms. Psaki mentioned.

Nonetheless, there are moments the place Mr. Biden appears to have put aside a few of the distinctive benefits of his workplace.

Final week’s bill-signing ceremony on the White Home started at 3 p.m., a distinction from Mr. Trump’s inclination to carry main occasions, just like the naming of a Supreme Court docket nominee, within the night to seize prime-time ranges of viewership. These occasions have been criticized as reality-show-style stunts, however they normally proved efficient in dictating the nationwide information cycle.

“Each community would give him time if he requested for it,” Mr. Bardella mentioned, talking of Mr. Biden. “He wants to make use of the trimmings of the presidency.”

The president has sat for just a few main televised interviews with anchors from CBS, NBC, and ABC (twice). He additionally enjoys venues the place he can reply questions from voters somewhat than reporters, showing on three prime-time city halls on CNN. However his most up-to-date CNN look, with Anderson Cooper in October, required some cleanup: His remarks suggesting muscular American assist of Taiwan towards a Chinese language assault needed to be clarified later by his press workforce.

The viewership for the October city corridor on CNN additionally left one thing to be desired — a degree in favor of the White Home’s argument that conventional media merely issues much less as of late. The 90-minute occasion attracted fewer viewers than simultaneous programming on MSNBC, and Fox Information’s hosts Tucker Carlson and Sean Hannity have been seen by greater than double Mr. Biden’s viewers that evening.

“I think that they’re of the comprehensible view of, ‘What distinction does it make?’” Mr. Carville mentioned of the Biden workforce’s cautious method. “‘Why do I’ve to sit down there and be interrogated for 20 minutes when all I can do is make a mistake, and I can’t transfer a Popsicle when it comes to ballot numbers?’”

How a president meets the media is simply as typically decided by persona as politics.

Mr. Obama was much less enthused about going through gaggles of reporters, preferring one-on-ones the place he may sidestep “matter of the day” lightning rounds and delve right into a topic of his alternative. Mr. Trump relished his jousts with journalists, whilst he vilified the information media in more and more menacing methods.

There’s little doubt that Mr. Biden takes a brighter view than his predecessor of the information media and its function within the democratic course of. Mr. Trump revoked White Home press passes, labeled the media because the “enemy of the folks” and more and more restricted his appearances to Fox Information opinion reveals and different sympathetic phases. His administration additionally withheld press briefings for months on finish. Against this, Ms. Psaki holds in depth briefings practically day-after-day.

Nonetheless, Mr. Biden — who constructed his enchantment on a colloquial, off-the-cuff fashion that leaves him weak to gaffes — has by no means been particularly chatty with reporters. One among his key advisers, Anita Dunn, was opposed to Mr. Biden repeatedly opening himself as much as queries, an train that Ms. Dunn believed supplied little upside and plenty of draw back.

Mr. Biden’s reluctant media habits set off a minor revolt from his press corps final week: After he broke precedent by skipping a information convention with the leaders of Canada and Mexico, the White Home Correspondents’ Affiliation formally complained. “Is the fear that you just don’t need the president taking questions?” one reporter requested a Biden press aide. (Reply: “The president typically takes questions all through the course of the day.”)

“A calculation is made in regards to the threat versus advantages of speaking extemporaneously,” mentioned Jonathan Lemire, the host of “Method Too Early” on MSNBC and Politico’s White Home bureau chief. “However you sacrifice a part of the megaphone by not having the president do these interviews.”

Mr. McClellan, of the Bush White Home, cautioned that Mr. Biden’s advisers ought to work to keep away from letting the notion of a disengaged Mr. Biden turn into ingrained within the public creativeness.

“They might have been ready till they’d gotten the laws handed,” he mentioned, referring to the infrastructure legislation. “I’m undecided, given the place issues are proper now in his presidency and given the end result of the November elections — and looking forward to the place the midterms are trending — that they will wait an excessive amount of longer.”