Ms. Praeli, a onetime undocumented immigrant from Peru who grew to become a citizen in 2015, stated that “11 million of us reside and work day-after-day.”

“We elevate households in communities with none safety from deportation and household separation, susceptible to exploitation and abuse within the office,” she added. “So it’s gone time for actual change.”

Ms. Praeli and different activists stated they’d demand that Mr. Biden reject makes an attempt to water down his immigration proposals as he pushes the laws by way of Congress.

“We want a transparent and unapologetic intervention within the path the nation goes,” stated Greisa Martinez, an undocumented immigrant who’s the chief director of United We Dream, a gaggle that has pushed to guard the Dreamers from deportation. “The time is finished for compromises. The time is now for daring change. Our motion and our energy are plain. Our calls for are plain. We’re prepared.”

As described by transition officers, Mr. Biden’s laws would profoundly reshape the American immigration system, making it extra beneficiant to present immigrants and folks from different components of the world whereas rejecting the anti-immigrant rhetoric that Mr. Trump sounded from the second he grew to become a presidential candidate in 2015.

And it’ll kick off a contentious new debate about how the US ought to deal with outsiders, a difficulty that has been on the heart of the breach between the 2 events for many years. Whereas Democrats narrowly management each chambers of Congress, Mr. Biden will want bipartisan cooperation, particularly within the Senate, the place most laws requires 60 votes. As a result of Democrats maintain simply 50 seats within the chamber, the brand new president will want 10 Republicans to help his efforts with a purpose to go it into regulation.

Mr. Obama efficiently persuaded 68 senators, together with 14 Republicans, to help a complete immigration invoice in 2013, solely to have the trouble die within the Republican-controlled Home. Now, with Democrats accountable for the Home, the problem for Mr. Biden will likely be within the Senate, the place nearly all the Republicans who backed Mr. Obama have left.