WEDNESDAY, Could 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Almost one in 4 American teenagers has suffered a minimum of one concussion, in accordance with new analysis.
And although extra teenagers are self-reporting sports-related concussions, visits to the emergency room for these traumatic head injuries fell between 2012 and 2018.
“One motive that would clarify why adolescents who take part in sports activities noticed a rise in self-reported concussion may very well be on account of larger consciousness of these kinds of accidents,” mentioned research writer Philip Veliz. He’s an assistant analysis professor on the College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, in Ann Arbor.
For the research, his crew checked out practically 53,000 college students in grades 8, 10 and 12, and located that self-reported concussions rose between 2016 and 2020. Particularly, in 2016, 19.5% of teenagers mentioned they’d skilled a minimum of one concussion; by 2020 that quantity had risen to 24.6%, the findings confirmed.
“Self-reported concussions may very well be growing on condition that each youngsters and oldsters have larger data with respect to those accidents,” Veliz mentioned. “We now have seen a larger effort within the U.S. to coach the inhabitants concerning the dangers related to head accidents, and will have larger data with respect to signs related to these kinds of accidents.”
Self-reported concussion, nevertheless, didn’t improve throughout all teams. There was no improve, as an illustration, amongst teenagers who didn’t take part in sports activities.
Veliz mentioned these new findings don’t contradict research primarily based on emergency division information which have reported a decline in these kinds of accidents.
“Extra adolescents could also be looking for look after these accidents, together with care from well being professionals outdoors the emergency division who’ve applicable analysis and administration expertise,” Veliz defined.
The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention describes a concussion as a kind of mind damage that occurs when a blow to the top or physique causes the top and mind to maneuver quickly backwards and forwards, inflicting modifications within the mind.
Whereas they will not be life-threatening, concussions can nonetheless be severe. Signs might embrace a headache, neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness or tiredness. Extra severe signs embrace convulsions or seizures, an lack of ability to get up and lack of consciousness, in accordance with the U.S. Nationwide Library of Drugs.
Main sports activities organizations, together with these governing youth sports activities in america, have taken steps to scale back concussion danger in recent times.
Veliz mentioned it is vital, with the rise in reviews of youngster concussions, for the general public to concentrate on these accidents and the very best methods to forestall and deal with them.
“Concussions look like a standard damage amongst adolescents. Roughly one in 4 have indicated the sort of damage,” Veliz mentioned. “Continued efforts to coach the inhabitants on each the chance and administration of those accidents ought to nonetheless stay a precedence because it pertains to adolescent well being.”
Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, head of emergency drugs at Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills in New York Metropolis, reviewed the findings. She mentioned extra consciousness of concussion amongst teen athletes is essential for maintaining wholesome.
“It’s unclear if the precise variety of concussions are growing or if elevated schooling and consciousness of what concussion symptoms are results in elevated self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
She famous that many college districts are educating college students and oldsters in regards to the hazard of not reporting signs.
“As we be taught extra about long-term unwanted effects of childhood concussions, you will need to monitor each will increase within the variety of concussions in addition to self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
Reporting concussions might result in growth of how to maintain athletes in tip-top form, she added.
“Elevated self-reporting may assist public well being officers and college officers create safeguards to maintain scholar athletes as wholesome as attainable whereas partaking in organized sports activities which may be at a excessive danger of concussions,” Amato mentioned.
The findings have been printed Could 4 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.
The researchers harassed that continued efforts to observe and forestall concussion are wanted. One limitation of the research was use of self-reported measures of concussion, they famous.
To be taught extra about concussion, go to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Philip Veliz, PhD, assistant analysis professor, College of Michigan Faculty of Nursing, Ann Arbor; Teresa Murray Amato, MD, chairwoman, emergency drugs, Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills, New York Metropolis; Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, Could 4, 2021